Agriculture and Food Security in China: What Effect Wto by Chunlai Chen, Ron Duncan

By Chunlai Chen, Ron Duncan

China's accession to the realm alternate association (WTO) has had profound results for the constitution of its economic climate, and there'll many extra earlier than the whole merits of an open buying and selling regime should be realised. Agriculture and nutrition defense in China explains the heritage to China's WTO accession and hyperlinks accession to reforms starting way back to 1979. The publication highlights China's policymakers' determination to maneuver clear of protectionism and grain self-sufficiency and illustrates how China's step clear of direct participation within the agricultural zone to oblique regulatory involvement and liberalisation may perhaps motivate extra monetary progress. but no longer all monetary progress is no cost. Agriculture and meals protection in China explores the non permanent affects of WTO accession in addition to the mid and long term implications of better marketplace involvement at an economy-wide and local point. becoming divides among coastal and inland regions-and adjustments in rural and concrete growth-will require a greater realizing of the results of better marketplace dependency. Agriculture and nutrients defense in China provides to the present wisdom of China's agricultural progress in addition to the affects and interrelationships among WTO accession and China's participation in different nearby loose exchange agreements.

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2 million (de Brauw et al. 2002). Despite its stop-start nature, as the right to private trading was extended to include surplus output of all agricultural products after contractual obligations to the State were fulfilled, the foundations of the state marketing system began to be undermined (Rozelle et al. 2000). Reformers eliminated all planned procurement of agricultural products other than rice, wheat, maize and cotton; government commercial departments could buy and sell only through the market.

Next, we examine the main features of the agreement that China must adhere to as it enters the WTO. Third, we review changes in China’s agricultural policy since joining the WTO. Finally, we conclude by drawing out the implications of the policy changes. Agricultural performance and policy before China’s WTO accession Agricultural performance China’s economic liberalisation and structural changes have been under way for several decades. Although the reforms have penetrated the whole economy since the early 1980s, most of the transformations began and in some way have depended on growth in the agricultural sector (Nyberg and Rozelle 1999).

2002) also showed that the reforms had a large impact on productivity, accounting for growth in total factor productivity of more than 7 per cent annually. Domestic output price and market liberalisation policies. Although early in the reforms China’s leaders had no concrete plan to liberalise markets, they did take steps to change the incentives faced by producers that were embodied in the prices they received for their marketed surplus. The important contribution of China’s pricing policy was in the timing and breadth of the policy change.

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