By Fred Ho, Bill V. Mullen
With contributions from activists, artists, and students, Afro Asia is a groundbreaking number of writing at the ancient alliances, cultural connections, and shared political suggestions linking African americans and Asian americans. Bringing jointly autobiography, poetry, scholarly feedback, and different genres, this quantity represents an activist leading edge within the cultural fight opposed to oppression.
Afro Asia opens with analyses of old connections among humans of African and of Asian descent. An account of nineteenth-century chinese language workers who fought opposed to slavery and colonialism in Cuba appears to be like along an exploration of African american citizens’ reactions to and stories of the Korean “conflict.” participants learn the fertile interval of Afro-Asian trade that begun round the time of the 1955 Bandung convention, the 1st assembly of leaders from Asian and African countries within the postcolonial period. One assesses the connection of 2 very important Sixties Asian American activists to Malcolm X and the Black Panthers. Mao Ze Dong’s 1963 and 1968 statements in help of black liberation are juxtaposed with an summary of the impression of Maoism on African American leftists.
Turning to the humanities, Ishmael Reed offers a quick account of the way he met and helped numerous Asian American writers. A Vietnamese American spoken-word artist describes the impression of black hip-hop tradition on working-class city Asian American adolescence. Fred Ho interviews invoice Cole, an African American jazz musician who performs Asian double-reed tools. This pioneering assortment closes with an array of artistic writing, together with poetry, memoir, and a discussion approximately id and friendship that writers, one jap American and the opposite African American, have played round the United States.
Contributors: Betsy Esch, Diane C. Fujino, royal hartigan, Kim Hewitt, Cheryl Higashida, Fred Ho,
Everett Hoagland, Robin D. G. Kelley, invoice V. Mullen, David Mura, Ishle Park, Alexs Pate, Thien-bao Thuc Phi, Ishmael Reed, Kalamu Ya Salaam, Maya Almachar Santos, JoYin C. Shih, Ron Wheeler, Daniel Widener, Lisa Yun
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Extra info for Afro Asia: Revolutionary Political and Cultural Connections between African Americans and Asian Americans
Not all coolies survived the journey, which stretched from four to eight months. The British ship Panama provided a sobering example of the Chinese coolie middle passage to the harsh ‘‘new world’’: of the 803 coolies taken aboard, only 480 survived. The American ship Challenger took 915 coolies on board, but only 620 survived. ∂∑ These few facts scratch the surface of the Chinese coolie period in Cuba, a penetrating history of human loss for some and proﬁt for others. From 1847 to 1857, coolie tra≈cking was dominated by the British, Portuguese, and Spanish.
Unlike white, European immigrants who undeniably faced discrimination and xenophobia, people of color had their oppression codiﬁed in law—that is, institutionalized. But it is pointless to debate the degree of severity of oppression between peoples of color. As Malcolm X pointed out, it is not whether the knife stuck in you is six inches or three inches; the point is that you’ve been stabbed and have wounds that need to heal. Certain forms of racism persist for Asian Americans that African Americans no longer encounter.
While Britain occupied a major role in the coolie trade (then withdrew from coolie tra≈cking to Cuba beginning in 1858), they 38 Lisa Yun were not the only colonial interests involved. ≤∫ Early in their considerations, Cuban planters had discussed the immigration of free whites from Europe. When free white laborers from Europe proved unwilling to work in the sugar cane ﬁelds, however, Cuban landowners opted to import labor from the very people who caused the rising prices of African slaves. ’’ Eventually, a multinational network emerged composed of shipping companies and agents, businesses, prominent families, and governing agencies, which turned to the tra≈cking of coolies and collaborated to realize enormous proﬁts, while continuing to purchase—with increased di≈culty and costs— African slaves from the complicated, ‘‘clandestine’’ African slave trade.
Categories: African American Studies