By Ronald Deibert,John Palfrey,Rafal Rohozinski, et al.MIT Press|MIT Press||Adult NonfictionComputer TechnologyLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 18.01.2013Street date: 28.02.2014
Reports on a brand new new release of web controls that determine a brand new normative terrain within which surveillance and censorship are regimen.
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Additional resources for Access Controlled. The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace
If the trends identified in Access Controlled are accurate, then these first-generation filtering techniques may be gradually superseded by a variety of next-generation controls that are more subtle and fluid and deeply integrated into social relations rather than fixed at specific choke points. This possibility suggests that the ONI itself must now respond with a new suite of methodologies if it hopes to remain relevant to the challenges of cyberspace governance that lay ahead. Notes 1. John Palfrey and Urs Gasser, Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives (New York: Basic Books, 2008).
Issues of censorship that involve terms-of-use policies, takedown notices, and other commercial compliance and service issues are taken up in both the Ethan Zuckerman and Colin Maclay chapters. Zuckerman outlines some of the ways in which competitive market forces can create unintended consequences leading to censorship by ISPs and online service providers (OSPs). Unwilling or afraid to bear the burden of legal and other costs of hosting controversial information, ISPs and OSPs may simply err on the side of caution, leading to a situation where the spaces for hosting content deemed objectionable anywhere are progressively winnowed.
Attributing such attacks to their source is difficult because the vectors are distributed and the transactions are done through criminal activity and illicit shadow markets. 9 The prospect of an arms race in cyberspace looms large. Among many countries in the industrialized world, a major impetus to filter is the desire to control access to information relating to the sexual exploitation of children, otherwise known as child pornography. In almost all countries, possession and distribution of child pornography is illegal.
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