By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
Now greater than ever, biology has the aptitude to give a contribution useful recommendations to some of the significant demanding situations confronting the us and the area. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that depends upon larger integration inside of biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover strategies to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals construction, environment recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human wellbeing and fitness. The method demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and enhance the go back on existence technological know-how learn in most cases.
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Extra resources for A New Biology for the 21st Century
Surprisingly little is now known about this path in plants. A genome sequence provides both a list of parts and a resource for plant breeding methods, but does not give the information needed to understand how each gene contributes to the formation and behavior of individual plant cells, how the cells collaborate and communicate to form tissues (such as the vascular system or the epidermis), and how the tissues function together to form the entire plant. There is simply a lack of fundamental information—we have the parts list for some plants, but not the assembly instructions, so we don’t yet have a useful assembly manual.
The practical benefits of expanding knowledge in this area are enormous; tapping into the vast resources represented by biological diversity will contribute to adapting and improving crops for food and bioenergy, understanding ecosystem function, and finding new biologically active chemicals for medical and industrial applications (Chivian & Bernstein, 2008). Crops as Ecosystems All crops grow in a complex environment, characterized by physical arameters like temperature, moisture, and light, and biological parameters p including the viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, birds, and others that interact with the crop plants.
Understanding the role of microbes and viruses in Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 34 A NEW BIOLOGY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY human health is a major challenge, but it also holds the promise of providing new intervention points for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. , 2008). It is likely that many different combinations of genetic changes, acting in the context of particular environmental influences (for example, a viral infection), can produce the same disease, so that understanding how genes work together in regulatory networks, and how those networks are affected by external factors, will be crucial to untangling the intricate web of interactions associated with a particular disease phenotype.