By Stephen Colvin
A old Greek Reader offers an creation to the historical past of the traditional Greek language by way of a sequence of texts with linguistic observation, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koiné (the most recent textual content dates to the second one century AD), and features a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of famous inscriptions with fresh discoveries that will not be simply to be had in other places; a range of literary texts lines significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The booklet finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic historical past of koiné Greek. The observation assumes no past wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet offers a easy volume of updated bibliography in order that complex scholars and others can pursue linguistic concerns at better intensity the place valuable.
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Additional info for A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné
Ruijgh (1967: §54). 3 Hainsworth adjective formation §12. Comparative adjective The comparative was formed by adding the suﬃx *-yos- to the stem. Outside the nom. sing. 1 Thus the neut. plur. *meg-yos-a appears in Myc. 7): cf. Lat. melius → melio¯ra. 1. , so we assume that nom. me-zo ends in -s rather than -n. 2. The suﬃx -teros exists in Mycenaean in adj. formation (cf. wana-ka-te-ro 6 1), but is not used as a comparative marker (its original signiﬁcance appears to have been contrastive, as in Lat.
After the loss of [w]. 3). 7. 2b). 3 1 Ruijgh (1968). 5). 3 Szemerényi (1956). §31. Consonants 1. Disappearance of [w] (digamma) from the time of the earliest inscriptions. 2. In µ σο , σο etc. 8a). 3. -Ion. as in Myc. 9). This gives the characteristic 3 plur. ending -ουσι [-o:si] < *-ονσι (WGk. 6c. ˙ attic only: 4. In ρ ττω, ττων, etc. 8), and very occasionally in Thessaly. 5. ). ionic only: 6. 10): loss of the aspirate, an areal development which aﬀected eastern Aeolic (Lesbian) as well as eastern Ionic.
5 Allen (1958), Diver (1958), Nagy (1970: 102–30). 6 Colvin (1999: 180–3), Probert (2006: 70–82). 3 §24. Morphology (general characteristics) 1. Thematic and athematic inﬂection of vowel-stem verbs Vowel-stem (contract) verbs in Greek come from disparate sources but form a synchronically coherent pattern in the present, which is thematic in most dialects. , Thess. -Cyp. show a longvowel athematic pattern: the history of these competing types is disputed. Attic-Ionic and West Greek: e-stems ο κ ω (ο κο ); a-stems τιµα´ω (τιµ ): cf.