A grammar of the Hausa language by Frederick William Hugh Migeod

By Frederick William Hugh Migeod

Excerpt from A Grammar of the Hausa Language

This Grammar is essentially for college students who've already bought a few wisdom of the Hausa language.

In its compilation the writer has been at pains to make the vocabulary as varied as attainable, in order that there are few phrases in universal use that experience no longer been made use of.

All ideas, too, were totally illustrated, and, as regards akin to have in basic terms been a little spotted through different writers, the writer has for choice chosen sentences from texts to which all scholars of the language have entry. during this method the life of the foundations themselves is extra simply recognised.

The beginning of the Hausa language isn't inquired into the following, and etymologies are just sometimes tested. either one of those topics have been mentioned via the writer in his recently-published paintings, "The Languages of West Africa," and a repetition appeared a little bit unnecessary.

The similar remark applies to the local script, that is Arabic a bit modified.

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Mache woman mata women 44 THE HAUSA LANGUAGE but " mata " is commonly used as a term of respect in woman addressing any Sanu, mata ? How do you do, madam ? " " " Mache is never used in such a way. Mata " also means wife, as which "mataye," etc. it takes a plural, Enna matanka ? Where is your wife ? " " Where are But certainly not your women ? Mata nan suna noma ; bayi ne These women are ploughing ; they are slaves 2. Wuri " but " kurdi cowry is kurdi shell cowries commonly used meaning money or price.

GENDER The feminine gender is formed from the masculine of " the addition of " a," " ia (" iya "), or simple " adjectives by " ua (" uwa ") to the stem, the final vowel of the masculine form, whatever it may be, being dropped. In compound adjectives either the same rule may be followed or there may be no change, but in the single case of " nagari," good, there is an initial change. PLURAL In the plural there is no indication of gender at all. plural is formed in the same way" as with nouns, but "u as a termination.

When to Anema dayawa gare-sa ") did you send the him letter ? , towards) him 48 THE HAUSA LANGUAGE Locative case The equivalent of the locative is effected positions of place, but especially by "a" Doki shina tsaye a huinya Baya-n-gida A baya-n-gida by many pre- The horse stands in the road behind the house behind the house (but more emphatically in one locality behind the house) CHAPTER III ADJECTIVE APART from numeral adjectives, which will be treated separately, the adjective is of two kinds simple and compound.

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