By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, positioned simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are essentially regarding one another, as indicated by way of the various obvious cognates and the very comparable pronominal paradigms came upon around the staff, their genetic courting to different Papuan languages is still arguable. situated a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan acquaintances at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far away westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa offers a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The ebook is dependent as a reference grammar: after a basic advent at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and note periods to its greater grammatical ingredients and their mutual kinfolk: nominal words, serial verb buildings, clauses, clause mixtures, and data constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically complicated, Teiwa is nearly analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically fascinating positive aspects of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and forestalls, that is abnormal for languages of japanese Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs decide upon a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa relies on fundamental box information, accumulated by means of the writer in 2003-2007. a variety of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted style
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library)
1. Introduction Anthropological notes The Teiwa live in exogamous patrilineal clans: children belong to their father’s clan. Teiwa is the name of a cluster of (sub-)clans with the same ancestors. The Teiwa branch out into two different geneological supergroups (or moieties). Each moiety contains several clans, the names of which are given in (3). (3) Teiwa I. Baraqala La Builan Salanggalu Maligi Hukung Qailapi II. Lambar Kakalau Lau Wad Loxog Kaloman Goqar Further, each clan consists of several families, not listed here.
With the declaration of independence in 1945, Alor and Pantar became part of the Republik Indonesia. Today, the Dutch cultural influence is most visible in Kalabahi, and in the Kabola peninsula. This is probably because the Dutch administration and schools were located there. 5% of the children on Alor were going to school (2,089 out of a total population of 28,063 boys and girls, Van Gaalen 1945: 24, 41a). 5. 23 Islam is the minority religion on Alor and Pantar. Muslims and Christians coexist peacefully on the island; ethnic or religious conflicts appear to be absent.
Lived and worked in Kupang (Timor) from 1983-1988. Current occupation: Farmer. Other language besides Teiwa: Indonesian/Malay. His wife is also a Teiwa speaker. The languages used at home are Indonesian/Malay and Teiwa. 34 1. 2. The corpus The Teiwa corpus consists of the recordings listed below; with a total recording time of about 2,5 hours. 1. Note that the corpus also contains 628 records with ‘Additional utterances’. These include elicited sentences and expressions and utterances that consultants provided spontaneously as additional information when we were discussing the transcribed texts, and utterances that I overheard when they were used around me.